Back to top

Kings Hill School Primary & Nursery

Inspired to believe, Inspired to achieve

Reading, Phonics & Language



At Kings Hill School we value Reading as the tool which underpins and unlocks all areas of learning.  A love of reading threads itself through Kings Hill School weaving a rich tapestry of stories and knowledge.

  • Children unlock their reading learning journey in EYFS and KS1 through the systematic teaching of phonics using Letters and Sounds. Phonics is taught and embedded through phonically decodable books allowing success and mastery.
  • At Kings Hill School, we teach phonics systematically using the government letters and sounds and introducing the Read Write Inc rhymes to support handwriting alongside phonics. Phonics is taught alongside reading using Collins Big Cat books to ensure that children are using these sounds and blending them together to read and write words.
  • As part of this, children have daily class phonics sessions in small groups and interventions are run in the afternoons to pick up any misconceptions.
  • The teachers draw upon observations and continuous assessment to ensure children are stretched and challenged and to identify children who may need additional support. Children work through the different phases, learning and developing their phonics sounds and knowledge.
  • Children take part in daily Guided Reading lessons throughout the whole school which follow the pattern of exploring context, vocabulary, echo reading and comprehension.
  • Children are read to regularly by the class teacher to promote Reading for Pleasure, books are recommended by children and adults.
  • Each classroom has a book corner with a wide genre of books to support learning and interests.
  • Children work through a progressive reading scheme so that when phonic reading fluency is mastered children progress onto developing reading comprehension skills. Fluency and reading Lexile tests measure children’s levels in reading and provide a guide for the teacher and child when choosing appropriately levelled challenging books.
  • We are lucky at Kings Hill School to have an award winning library that is well used and cherished which is run by a dedicated librarian and team of Year 6 junior librarians. All children have the opportunity to take home library books as well as reading books.
  • Reading for Pleasure and parental engagement is encouraged through parent drop ins, after-school storytelling sessions in the outdoors, regular book fairs and reading events throughout the year.


Teachers are provided with PPA to plan for phonics and guided reading to plan the following:

  • A cycle of Guided Reading lessons, using a wide range of different texts which runs alongside the phonics planning.
  • Question stems which are used to inform questions based on the class text and relevant vocabulary from the text.
  • Development of unknown vocabulary from key texts, the wider curriculum and resources to be developed in Reading and Vocabulary books.

In addition to this, teachers must plan time for children to be tested using the phonics and fluency assessment sheets which assesses reading and phonics.

Teachers must assess children regularly against the Reading Key Performance Indicators (in Years 1-6) and against the Reading Early Learning Goal (in EYFS). These regular assessments inform planning and allow teachers to identify any gaps in learning.

Teachers also should listen to children individually read to assess their reading and phonics.


Through the teaching of systematic phonics, our aim is for children to become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage One. This way, children can focus on developing their fluency and comprehension as they move through the school. Attainment in reading is measured using the statutory assessments at the end of Key Stage One and Two. These results are measured against the reading attainment of children nationally. Attainment in phonics is measured by the Phonics Screening Test at the end of Year 1. However, we firmly believe that reading is the key to all learning and so the impact of our reading curriculum goes beyond the results of the statutory assessments. We give all children the opportunity to enter the magical worlds that books open up to them. We promote reading for pleasure as part of our reading curriculum. Children are encouraged to develop their own love of genres and authors and to review their books objectively. This enhances a deep love of literature across a range of genres, cultures and styles.


Writing & SPaG  



At Kings Hill Primary we are passionate about equipping children with skills for life that enable them to express themselves in a clear manner.  Developing writers who have a command of the English language and how to use it for best effect underpins not only English but all areas of the curriculum. We want every child to leave Kings Hill Primary with the skills of an excellent writer who:

  • Has the ability to write with fluency and has an author’s voice;
  • Thinks about the impact they want their writing to have on the reader and knows how they will achieve this;
  • Has a sophisticated bank of vocabulary and an excellent knowledge of writing techniques to extend details or description;
  • Can structure and organise their writing to suit the genre they are writing and include a variety of sentence structures;
  • Displays excellent transcription skills that ensure their writing is well presented, punctuated, spelled correctly and neat;
  • Re-reads, edits and improves their writing so every piece of writing they produce is to the best of their ability and better than the last.

Throughout their time at Kings Hill Primary, children develop their skills by exploring a whole range of different genres each with a key SPaG focus  through a range of models of excellence and using these to guide the drafting and editing process. It is important to note that we not only develop a real enjoyment of writing in English lessons but in all subjects across the curriculum. We expect the highest standards of writing every time a child writes in any subject.


Teachers are provided with PPA to plan for Writing and SPaG to plan the following:

  • Units of work based upon a key text both for SPaG and Writing.
  • SPaG lessons taught at the beginning of each week with clear evidence of progression against the
  • Use of WAGOLL writing to ensure high expectations are set.
  • Opportunities to write across the curriculum
  • Real life experiences that inspire high quality writing.


Our Writing curriculum is high quality, well thought out and is planned to demonstrate progression. If children are keeping up with the curriculum, their deemed to be making good or better progress. In addition, we measure the impact of our curriculum through the following methods:

  • A reflection on standards achieved against the planned outcomes;
  • Children can understand and apply the fundamental principles of spelling grammar and punctuation in their writing;
  • Children can evaluate, improve and redraft their writing;
  • Children are responsible, competent, confident and creative writer’s.

Beyond the Curriculum