Our curriculum is designed with two goals:
- To provide a coherent, structured academic curriculum that builds knowledge sequentially, ensuring pupils are ready for the next stage in their learning so that they know and remember more.
- To give all pupils a wide range of learning experiences so they grow to become confident, resilient, respectful and motivated individuals who are equipped for life beyond school and who are global citizens of the future.
Our curriculum is ambitious. It is knowledge based with regular opportunity for recalling prior knowing and building upon it, whilst also securing the necessary skills to become successful independent and expert learners.
It builds upon the school’s strengths, including a well-developed SMSC provision, embedded school and British values, outdoor learning and enrichment. Children are valued individuals at the heart of our curriculum, with an emphasis on health and wellbeing both physically and mentally.
Subject Leaders have designed the curriculum to ensure that it is relevant and contextual, both locally and globally, to develop a deep understanding of the changing world and community that we live in.
We have developed six learner profiles that fundamentally underpin our curriculum aims and design. They allow children to take ownership of their achievements, honour their individuality and self-reflect on their next steps. These profiles encompass our values-based ethos, reflect the strengths of the pupils and are responsive to the needs of our community and the ever-changing wider world our pupils are living in.
Pupils strive to develop these attributes throughout their time at Kings Hill School, leaving us as confident and well-rounded individuals ready for the next phase in their educational journey.
Our coherently planned academic curriculum is underpinned by our learner profiles and uses the EYFS framework and the National Curriculum (DfE 2014) as the basis for content and expectations. We have structured this as follows:
- Progression models provide a coherent and structured curriculum that builds knowledge sequentially ensuring pupils are ready for the next stage in their learning.
- The curriculum is carefully designed to ensure there are opportunities for children to make links in their learning through interleaving.
- Knowledge within the curriculum is revisited regularly to ensure that there is spaced practice for our pupils to help to retain knowledge and use it within different contexts.
- Retrieval practice and precision teaching are used daily in maths, spelling, punctuation and grammar and foundation subjects to provide regular opportunities to retain knowledge.
- Reading, phonics, vocabulary and spelling are taught systematically to master fluency, comprehension, language and prosody.
- Assessment is ongoing through retrieval practice, formative teacher assessment, low-stake quizzes, questioning and feed forward sessions. There is regular feedback between children and teachers. Core subject summative assessment takes place three times a year to inform teacher’s knowledge of gaps in learning.
Rosenshine Principles of Instruction
When planning and teaching, we carefully consider research on master teachers and cognitive supports. We encourage all teachers to read these to develop their knowledge and understanding of the art of teaching. Teaching at Kings Hill School Primary and Nursery is guided by Rosenshine's principles of instruction.
1. Daily review
We begin a lesson with a short review of previous learning. This might be a review of vocabulary, events, knowledge, a previously learned concept or additional practice to learn facts and skills where overlearning is required to develop automatic recall.
2. Present new material in small steps
We only present small amounts of new material at any one time and then help pupils as they practice this material therefore each point is mastered before the next point is introduced.
3. Ask questions
Questions help pupils practise new information and connect new material to their prior learning. Questions provide necessary practice and allow us to determine how well material has been learned and whether there is a need for additional instruction. This can also help to uncover misconceptions. Teachers at Kings Hill School Primary and Nursery use a variety of effective questioning strategies.
4. Provide models
We ensure that we provide pupils with models and worked examples to help them learn to solve problems. We provide live teacher modelling, teachers think aloud while demonstrating how to solve a problem to support, teachers share excellent examples, and use worked examples as a step-by-step demonstration of how to solve a problem or how to perform a task.
5. Guide pupil practice
After presenting new material, teachers will guide pupil practice. This might consist of the teacher working on the first problems, serving as a model for pupils. It could include a visualizer being used to demonstrate or a pupil working out a problem on the board. This provides additional models, more time for checking for understanding, asking questions and correcting errors and more time having pupils work out problems with teacher guidance. Some pupils might receive further guided practice as part of our catch-up groups.
6. Check for pupil understanding
We frequently check to see if all pupils are learning the new material. Teachers can check for understanding by asking questions, by asking pupils to summarise the presentation up to that point or repeat directions or procedures. This helps pupils to make connections with other learning in their long-term memory and to alert the teacher to when parts of the material need to be retaught.
7. Obtain a high success rate
In order for pupils to obtain a high success rate, we need to ensure that we have broken material down into small steps, asked purposeful questions, modelled expectations and processes and checked for pupil understanding.
8. Provide scaffolds for difficult tasks
We provide pupils with temporary support and scaffolds to assist them. Scaffolds are a form of guided practice. They include modelling the steps by the teacher or tools, such as word banks, checklists to guide or evaluate their work, or a model of the completed task against which the pupil can compare their work.
9. Independent practice
Pupils need extensive, successful practice in order for skills and knowledge to become automatic and embedded in long-term memory. Independent practice is necessary because a good deal of practice (overlearning) is needed in order to become fluent and automatic in the recall of knowledge or skill.
10. Weekly and monthly review
Retrieving knowledge from their long-term memory helps the pupil to strengthen their retention and knowledge. We use retrieval practice in every lesson, low stake termly quizzes and mini-topic tests to review the knowledge that pupils have retained to inform our planning moving forward.
I AM A GOOD COMMUNICATOR
Our pupils are secondary ready as motivated learners able to communicate to others clearly and articulately. They can listen to others and use the views of others to inform their own. They have a love of reading and literature with a well-developed vocabulary and can work well with others as well as independently.
I AM KNOWLEDGEABLE
Our pupils are knowledgeable in a broad range of subjects. They are inquisitive and keen to expand and deepen their learning further. They can share with others what they have learnt and feel confident to challenge themselves. The majority of children will have achieved key expectations in all programmes of study and some will have exceeded expectations by making deeper links across subjects.
I AM AN INNOVATOR
Our pupils have well developed enquiry and investigative skills. They are creative, imaginative and resourceful. They embrace new technologies and show competencies such as problem solving, risk taking, planning, leadership and team working ensuring that they are well placed to be entrepreneurs of the future.
I AM AN INDIVIDUAL
Our pupils are self-confident individuals with a strong moral compass ensuring respect and understanding of equality, fairness and diversity. Our pupils recognise their own talents and the strengths of others and are proud of who they are. They have their own views and opinions and have the freedom to change these. The values of responsibility, kindness, courage, cooperation, resilience and respect are deeply embedded.
I AM A GLOBAL CITIZEN
Our pupils are global citizens with a well-informed understanding of the world around them, the importance of community and topical issues that affect everyone’s lives such as climate change. They know their role and responsibility within our community and respect the rights of everyone. They have an appreciation of the outdoors and an ability to be self-sufficient young adults.
I AM EMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT
Our pupils integrate health and wellbeing into their daily lives. They are physically active and are resilient to setbacks with a positive mind-set. They develop healthy relationships and are respectful to themselves and others online. They are aware of how they feel and how others may be feeling and can support in resolving disputes.